“Tor metrics are the ammunition that lets Tor and other security advocates argue for a more private and secure Internet from a position of data, rather than just dogma or perspective.”
— Bruce Schneier (June 1, 2016)
We estimate the number of users by analyzing the requests induced by clients to relays and bridges.
|Country||Mean daily users|
|Germany||1290710 (34.56 %)|
|United States||484255 (12.97 %)|
|United Arab Emirates||330147 (8.84 %)|
|Russia||255241 (6.83 %)|
|Netherlands||174948 (4.68 %)|
|France||164010 (4.39 %)|
|Ukraine||150738 (4.04 %)|
|Indonesia||86280 (2.31 %)|
|United Kingdom||71123 (1.90 %)|
|Japan||43498 (1.16 %)|
This table shows the top-10 countries by estimated number of directly-connecting clients. These numbers are derived from directory requests counted on directory authorities and mirrors. Relays resolve client IP addresses to country codes, so that numbers are available for most countries. For further details see these questions and answers about user statistics.
This material is supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS-0959138. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. "Tor" and the "Onion Logo" are registered trademarks of The Tor Project, Inc.. Data on this site is freely available under a CC0 no copyright declaration: To the extent possible under law, the Tor Project has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights in the data. Graphs are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.