We estimate the number of users by analyzing the requests induced by clients to relays and bridges.
This graph shows the estimated number of clients connecting via bridges. These numbers are derived from directory requests counted on bridges. Bridges resolve client IP addresses of incoming directory requests to country codes, so that graphs are available for most countries. For further details check the documentation on Reproducible Metrics.
The following events have been manually collected in the metrics-timeline Git repository and might be related to the displayed graph.
|Dates||Places/Protocols||Description and Links|
|2021-05-17 to 2021-06-05||
Experiment to test the accuracy of relays' advertised bandwidth estimation.
status.torproject.org post announcing start post announcing end advertised bandwidth graph relay flags graph
|2021-05-14 to 2021-05-18||meek Unknown||
The number of meek users temporarily drops to < 10.
|2021-05-12 to 2021-06-21||snowflake||
Error in stats collection at the Snowflake bridge; user count is erroneously zero.
merge request comment on start comment on end user count graph
geoip and geoip6 databases updated to "IPFire Project Fri, 07 May 2021 05:18:14 GMT" (
Outage of snowflake bridge.
geoip and geoip6 databases updated to "IPFire Project Tue, 13 Apr 2021 05:11:07 GMT" (
Release of tor 0.3.5.14, 0.4.4.8, and 0.4.5.7. Changes the source of geolocation databases from Maxmind to IPFire.
blog post announcement ticket commit
geoip and geoip6 databases updated to "IPFire Project Fri, 12 Mar 2021 05:05:24 GMT" (
|2021-03-11||Belarus Relays Unknown||
Drop of relay users in Belarus. Bridge users are not affected.
relay graph bridge graph
Fire in the OVHcloud data centers located in Strasbourg takes about 48 relays offline in AS16276.
OVHcloud advisory Twitter thread
Decommissioned flash proxy badge server, flashproxy.bamsoftware.com.
Decommissioned flash proxy facilitator: server, flashproxy-reg-email poller, and flashproxy-reg-appspot app.
Outage of the Snowflake bridge.
|2021-02-13||Belarus Bridges meek obfs4||
Blocking of default obfs4 bridges and email-distributed bridges in Belarus. Relay users are not affected.
ticket BBS thread NTC thread relay graph bridge graph
Deployed version 0.5.3 of the Snowflake WebExtension, with improvements to NAT handling.
archive ticket comment
Release of Tor Browser 10.5a8, which fixes the bug preventing the use of default bridges.
blog post issue
Release of Tor Browser 10.5a7, which has a bug preventing the use of default bridges.
blog post issue issue
|2021-01-17 to 2021-01-21||snowflake Unknown||
Decrease in measured Snowflake users. May have been caused by a drop of NAT-unrestricted proxies.
mailing list thread comment
|2021-01-10 to 2021-02-03||onion||
Large amounts of traffic at directory authorities disrupts consensus, which causes v3 onion services to stop working because of a bug. Tor 0.3.5.13, 0.4.3.8, and 0.4.4.7 have a fix for the bug.
ticket blog post onion service traffic graph Tor blog post Tor Browser blog post status.torproject.org
Changed the DNS records for snowflake.freehaven.net and snowflake-broker.bamsoftware.com to be CNAME records for the corresponding torproject.net domains, rather than bamsoftware.com, in order to avoid malware warnings.
|2020-12-17 to 2020-12-20||snowflake||
DDoS attack on Greenhost, where the Snowflake broker and bridge and onionperf instances are hosted.
2020-12-17 status 2020-12-20 status anti-censorship-team thread
|2020-12-05 to 2020-12-09||meek moat||
An update to an Azure CDN edge server TLS certificate causes an outage of meek and Moat. It is fixed by the release of Tor Browser 10.0.6, which updates the built-in public key pinning of obfs4proxy.
ticket blog post meek graph BridgeDB graph certificate transparency
|2020-11-08 to 2020-11-09||snowflake||
Outage of the snowflake bridge
Sudden decrease of relay users in Belarus, from 4000 to 1000, with simultaneous increase of bridge users.
BBS thread NTC thread relay graph bridge graph
Deployed version 0.4.2 of the Snowflake WebExtension, with better counting of clients.
Shutdown of default obfs4 bridge frosty.
Deployed version 0.4.1 of the Snowflake WebExtension, with NAT type detection in the browser.
|2020-08-09 to 2020-08-12||Belarus||
Internet shutdowns in Belarus, during protests following a presidential election.
Deployed NAT-aware matching at the Snowflake broker.
Release of Tor Browser 10.0a1, the first release with Snowflake for Android.
blog post ticket
This material is supported in part by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS-0959138. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. "Tor" and the "Onion Logo" are registered trademarks of The Tor Project, Inc.. Data on this site is freely available under a CC0 no copyright declaration: To the extent possible under law, the Tor Project has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights in the data. Graphs are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 United States License.